Fast Facts: British Columbia is the westernmost province in Canada, bordering the Pacific Ocean. The capital city is Victoria while the largest city is Vancouver.
British Columbia Careers: Vancouver was ranked 4th in a 2009 “Quality of Life Global City Ranking” by Mercer. The 2006 Canadian Census estimated the population of British Columbia at over 4 million.
British Columbia Economy: The provincial economy is resource dominated, focused primarily on forestry and mining, but concerned environmentalists have worked tirelessly in recent times to reduce the province’s tree harvest. In addition, British Columbia is the leading fishing province, taking in valuable catches of salmon and halibut.
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Location, Location, Location: British Columbia is the westernmost province in Canada, bordering the Pacific Ocean and the northwest U.S. states of Washington, Idaho and Montana.
Cities: The capital is Victoria and the largest city is Vancouver.
Behind the Name: The province was named by Queen Victoria in 1858 when the region became a British colony in reference to the Columbia River region in which it was located.
A Closer Look: British Columbia contains seven of Canada’s national parks, the most prominent including Glacier National Park and the Pacific Rim National Park Reserve.
Did You Know? A New North Hollywood? - British Columbia is the third largest film and television center on the North American continent, trailing only Los Angeles and New York.
Population: 4,074,385, as estimated by Canada Census of Population, 2006.
Business Environment: Canada was ranked 2nd of 181 countries in a 2009 “Best Country to Start a Business” by DoingBusiness.org.
Top Industries: In terms of paid employees, according to a Statistics Canada 2009 study: (1) trade; (2) health care and social assistance; (3) construction; (4) professional, scientific and technical services; and (5) accommodation and food services.
Taxes: The Canada Revenue Agency reports: a Progressive Income Tax Rate; and a 12% Sales Tax.
Cost of Living: The Consumer Price Index had increased to 112.8 in June of 2009 (from 100.0 in the Year 2002), according to Statistics Canada, 2009.
Quality of Life: Vancouver was ranked 4th in a 2009 Quality of Life Global City Ranking by Mercer.
Weather: Average Temperature (in °F.) – Jan: 37; Apr: 48; July: 63; Oct: 50, according to Weather.com.
K-12: Canada ranked 2nd of 17 peer countries in a 2008 Conference Board of Canada Ranking.
College Education: US News and World Report Canadian college rankings: Simon Fraser University (#10) and University of Victoria (#14).
In General: The economy in British Columbia is resource dominated, focused in large part on forestry and mining. The economic history of the province is plagued by an acute cycle of ups and downs.
Service Industry: The cumulative service industry includes the greatest proportion of British Columbia’s workforce, primarily in the wholesale and retail trade along with professional services within the economic center of Vancouver.
Agriculture: While less than 10% of the province can be used for farming or cultivation, British Columbia maintains the largest tree harvesting enterprise in Canada. Beef from ranches along the Fraser River is the most significant livestock product.
Manufacturing: A great majority of British Columbia’s manufacturing revolves around lumber related industries, including paper manufacturing. Other top manufacturing sectors include food processing and the manufacture of transportation equipment.
Mining: British Columbia maintains a rich mineral reserve. Its most significant mined products are copper and coal, followed by natural gas, oil, gold and silver.
A Closer Look: The province is the leading fishing state, producing valuable catches of salmon, halibut and herring.
Did You Know? Environmentalists have worked tirelessly since the early 1990’s to reduce the provincial tree harvest, concerned that clear-cutting and old-growth logging threaten the forests’ long-term stability.
Sources: In addition to specific citations noted in this “Career Information” section, supplementary source materials include: Canada Statoids; Infoplease.com; and Wikipedia.com.