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Careers, Jobs and Education Resources for: Bangladesh

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Europeans began to set up trading posts in the area of Bangladesh in the 16th century; eventually the British came to dominate the region and it became part of British India. In 1947, West Pakistan and East Bengal (both primarily Muslim) separated from India (largely Hindu) and jointly became the new country of Pakistan. East Bengal became East Pakistan in 1955, but the awkward arrangement of a two-part country with its territorial units separated by 1,600 km left the Bengalis marginalized and dissatisfied. East Pakistan seceded from its union with West Pakistan in 1971 and was renamed Bangladesh. A military-backed caretaker regime suspended planned parliamentary elections in January 2007 in an effort to reform the political system and root out corruption; the regime has pledged new democratic elections by the end of 2008. About a third of this extremely poor country floods annually during the monsoon rainy season, hampering economic development. (from the CIA)


Economic Overview

The economy has grown 5-6% over the past few years despite inefficient state-owned enterprises, delays in exploiting natural gas resources, insufficient power supplies, and slow implementation of economic reforms. bangladesh remains a poor, overpopulated, and inefficiently-governed nation. although more than half of gdp is generated through the service sector, nearly two-thirds of bangladeshis are employed in the agriculture sector, with rice as the single-most-important product. garment exports and remittances from bangladeshis working overseas, mainly in the middle east and east asia, fuel economic growth.

Environmental Issues

Many people are landless and forced to live on and cultivate flood-prone land; water-borne diseases prevalent in surface water; water pollution, especially of fishing areas, results from the use of commercial pesticides; ground water contaminated by naturally occurring arsenic; intermittent water shortages because of falling water tables in the northern and central parts of the country; soil degradation and erosion; deforestation; severe overpopulation

Government Type

Parliamentary democracy


153,546,896 (july 2008 est.)


Southern asia, bordering the bay of bengal, between burma and india


Total: 144,000 sq km land: 133,910 sq km water: 10,090 sq km

Slightly smaller than iowa

Country Aliases

Conventional long form: people's republic of bangladesh conventional short form: bangladesh local long form: gana prajatantri banladesh local short form: banladesh former: east bengal, east pakistan


Name: dhaka geographic coordinates: 23 43 n, 90 24 e time difference: utc+6 (11 hours ahead of washington, dc during standard time)

Military Service

16 years of age for voluntary military service; 17 years of age for officers (both with parental consent); conscription legally possible in emergency, but has never been implemented (2008)

International Disputes

Discussions with india remain stalled to delimit a small section of river boundary, exchange territory for 51 small bangladeshi exclaves in india and 111 small indian exclaves in bangladesh, allocate divided villages, and stop illegal cross-border trade, migration, violence, and transit of terrorists through the porous border; bangladesh protests india's fencing and walling off high-traffic sections of the porous boundary; a joint bangladesh-india boundary commission resurveyed and reconstructed 92 missing pillars in 2007; dispute with india over new moore/south talpatty/purbasha island in the bay of bengal deters maritime boundary delimitation; after 21 years, bangladesh resumes talks with burma on delimiting a maritime boundary

Sources: Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

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