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Careers, Jobs and Education Resources for: Ghana

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Formed from the merger of the British colony of the Gold Coast and the Togoland trust territory, Ghana in 1957 became the first sub-Saharan country in colonial Africa to gain its independence. Ghana endured a long series of coups before Lt. Jerry RAWLINGS took power in 1981 and banned political parties. After approving a new constitution and restoring multiparty politics in 1992, RAWLINGS won presidential elections in 1992 and 1996, but was constitutionally prevented from running for a third term in 2000. John KUFUOR succeeded him and was reelected in 2004. Kufuor is constitutionally barred from running for a third term in upcoming Presidential elections, which are scheduled for December 2008. (from the CIA)


Economic Overview

Well endowed with natural resources, ghana has roughly twice the per capita output of the poorest countries in west africa. even so, ghana remains heavily dependent on international financial and technical assistance. gold and cocoa production, and individual remittances, are major sources of foreign exchange. the domestic economy continues to revolve around agriculture, which accounts for about 35% of gdp and employs about 55% of the work force, mainly small landholders. ghana opted for debt relief under the heavily indebted poor country (hipc) program in 2002, and is also benefiting from the multilateral debt relief initiative that took effect in 2006. thematic priorities under its current growth and poverty reduction strategy, which also provides the framework for development partner assistance, are: macroeconomic stability; private sector competitiveness; human resource development; and good governance and civic responsibility. sound macro-economic management along with high prices for gold and cocoa helped sustain gdp growth in 2007. ghana signed a millennium challenge corporation (mcc) compact in 2006, which aims to assist in transforming ghana's agricultural sector.

Environmental Issues

Recurrent drought in north severely affects agricultural activities; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; poaching and habitat destruction threatens wildlife populations; water pollution; inadequate supplies of potable water

Government Type

Constitutional democracy


23,382,848 note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to aids; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (july 2008 est.)


Western africa, bordering the gulf of guinea, between cote d'ivoire and togo


Total: 239,460 sq km land: 230,940 sq km water: 8,520 sq km

Slightly smaller than oregon

Country Aliases

Conventional long form: republic of ghana conventional short form: ghana former: gold coast


Name: accra geographic coordinates: 5 33 n, 0 13 w time difference: utc 0 (5 hours ahead of washington, dc during standard time)

Military Service

18 years of age for voluntary military service; no conscription (2008)

International Disputes

Ghana struggles to accommodate returning nationals who worked in the cocoa plantations and escaped fighting in cote d'ivoire

Sources: Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

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