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Careers, Jobs and Education Resources for: Kyrgyzstan

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A Central Asian country of incredible natural beauty and proud nomadic traditions, most of Kyrgyzstan was formally annexed to Russia in 1876. The Kyrgyz staged a major revolt against the Tsarist Empire in 1916 in which almost one-sixth of the Kyrgyz population was killed. Kyrgyzstan became a Soviet republic in 1936 and achieved independence in 1991 when the USSR dissolved. Nationwide demonstrations in the spring of 2005 resulted in the ouster of President Askar AKAYEV, who had run the country since 1990. Subsequent presidential elections in July 2005 were won overwhelmingly by former prime minister Kurmanbek BAKIEV. The political opposition organized demonstrations in Bishkek in April, May, and November 2006 resulting in the adoption of a new constitution that transferred some of the president's powers to parliament and the government. In December 2006, the Kyrgyz parliament voted to adopt new amendments, restoring some of the presidential powers lost in the November 2006 constitutional change. By late-September 2007, both previous versions of the constitution were declared illegal, and the country reverted to the AKAYEV-era 2003 constitution, which was subsequently modified in a flawed referendum initiated by BAKIEV. The president then dissolved parliament, called for early elections, and gained control of the new parliament through his newly-created political party, Ak Jol, in December 2007 elections. Current concerns include: privatization of state-owned enterprises, negative trends in democracy and political freedoms, reduction of corruption, improving interethnic relations, and combating terrorism. (from the CIA)


Economic Overview

Kyrgyzstan is a poor, mountainous country with a predominantly agricultural economy. cotton, tobacco, wool, and meat are the main agricultural products, although only tobacco and cotton are exported in any quantity. industrial exports include gold, mercury, uranium, natural gas, and electricity. following independence, kyrgyzstan was progressive in carrying out market reforms such as an improved regulatory system and land reform. kyrgyzstan was the first commonwealth of independent states (cis) country to be accepted into the world trade organization. much of the government's stock in enterprises has been sold. drops in production had been severe after the breakup of the soviet union in december 1991, but by mid-1995, production began to recover and exports began to increase. the economy is heavily weighted toward gold export and a drop in output at the main kumtor gold mine sparked a 0.5% decline in gdp in 2002 and a 0.6% decline in 2005. gdp grew more than 6% in 2007, partly due to higher gold prices internationally. the government made steady strides in controlling its substantial fiscal deficit, nearly closing the gap between revenues and expenditures in 2006, before boosting expenditures more than 20% in 2007. the government and international financial institutions have been engaged in a comprehensive medium-term poverty reduction and economic growth strategy. in 2005, bishkek agreed to pursue much-needed tax reform and, in 2006, became eligible for the heavily indebted poor countries (hipc) initiative. progress fighting corruption, further restructuring of domestic industry, and success in attracting foreign investment are keys to future growth.

Environmental Issues

Water pollution; many people get their water directly from contaminated streams and wells; as a result, water-borne diseases are prevalent; increasing soil salinity from faulty irrigation practices

Government Type



5,356,869 (july 2008 est.)


Central asia, west of china


Total: 198,500 sq km land: 191,300 sq km water: 7,200 sq km

Slightly smaller than south dakota

Country Aliases

Conventional long form: kyrgyz republic conventional short form: kyrgyzstan local long form: kyrgyz respublikasy local short form: kyrgyzstan former: kirghiz soviet socialist republic


Name: bishkek geographic coordinates: 42 52 n, 74 36 e time difference: utc+6 (11 hours ahead of washington, dc during standard time)

Military Service

18 years of age for compulsory military service (2001)

International Disputes

Kyrgyzstan has yet to ratify the 2001 boundary delimitation with kazakhstan; disputes in isfara valley delay completion of delimitation with tajikistan; delimitation of 130 km of border with uzbekistan is hampered by serious disputes around enclaves and other areas

Sources: Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

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