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Careers, Jobs and Education Resources for: Maldives

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The Maldives was long a sultanate, first under Dutch and then under British protection. It became a republic in 1968, three years after independence. Since 1978, President Maumoon Abdul GAYOOM - currently in his sixth term in office - has dominated the islands' political scene. Following riots in the capital Male in August 2004, the president and his government pledged to embark upon democratic reforms including a more representative political system and expanded political freedoms. Progress has been slow, however, and many promised reforms have been slow to come to fruition. Nonetheless, political parties were legalized in 2005. A constituent assembly - termed the "special majlis" - has pledged to complete the drafting of a new constitution by the end of 2007 and first-ever presidential elections under a multi-candidate, multi-party system are slated for November 2008. Tourism and fishing are being developed on the archipelago. (from the CIA)


Economic Overview

Tourism, maldives' largest industry, accounts for 28% of gdp and more than 60% of the maldives' foreign exchange receipts. over 90% of government tax revenue comes from import duties and tourism-related taxes. fishing is the second leading sector. agriculture and manufacturing continue to play a lesser role in the economy, constrained by the limited availability of cultivable land and the shortage of domestic labor. most staple foods must be imported. industry, which consists mainly of garment production, boat building, and handicrafts, accounts for about 7% of gdp. the maldivian government began an economic reform program in 1989 initially by lifting import quotas and opening some exports to the private sector. subsequently, it has liberalized regulations to allow more foreign investment. real gdp growth averaged over 7.5% per year for more than a decade. in late december 2004, a major tsunami left more than 100 dead, 12,000 displaced, and property damage exceeding $300 million. as a result of the tsunami, the gdp contracted by about 3.6% in 2005. a rebound in tourism, post-tsunami reconstruction, and development of new resorts helped the economy recover quickly. the trade deficit has expanded sharply as a result of high oil prices and imports of construction material. diversifying beyond tourism and fishing and increasing employment are the major challenges facing the government. over the longer term maldivian authorities worry about the impact of erosion and possible global warming on their low-lying country; 80% of the area is 1 meter or less above sea level.

Environmental Issues

Depletion of freshwater aquifers threatens water supplies; global warming and sea level rise; coral reef bleaching

Government Type



385,925 (july 2008 est.)


Southern asia, group of atolls in the indian ocean, south-southwest of india


Total: 300 sq km land: 300 sq km water: 0 sq km

About 1.7 times the size of washington, dc

Country Aliases

Conventional long form: republic of maldives conventional short form: maldives local long form: dhivehi raajjeyge jumhooriyyaa local short form: dhivehi raajje


Name: male geographic coordinates: 4 10 n, 73 30 e time difference: utc+5 (10 hours ahead of washington, dc during standard time)

Military Service

18 years of age for voluntary military service; no conscription (2008)

International Disputes


Sources: Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

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