The west bank - the larger of the two areas comprising the palestinian authority (pa) - has experienced a general decline in economic conditions since the second intifada began in september 2000. the downturn has been largely a result of israeli closure policies - the imposition of closures and access restrictions in response to security concerns in israel - which disrupted labor and trading relationships. in 2001, and even more severely in 2002, israeli military measures in pa areas resulted in the destruction of capital, the disruption of administrative structures, and widespread business closures. international aid of at least $1.14 billion to the west bank and gaza strip in 2004 prevented the complete collapse of the economy and allowed some reforms in the government's financial operations. in 2005, high unemployment and limited trade opportunities - due to continued closures both within the west bank and externally - stymied growth. israel's and the international community's financial embargo of the pa when hamas ran the pa during march 2006 - june 2007 has interrupted the provision of pa social services and the payment of pa salaries. since june the fayyad government in the west bank has restarted salary payments and the provision of services but would be unable to operate absent high levels of international assistance.
Adequacy of fresh water supply; sewage treatment
2,407,681 note: in addition, there are about 187,000 israeli settlers in the west bank and fewer than 177,000 in east jerusalem (july 2008 est.)
Middle east, west of jordan
Total: 5,860 sq km land: 5,640 sq km water: 220 sq km note: includes west bank, latrun salient, and the northwest quarter of the dead sea, but excludes mt. scopus; east jerusalem and jerusalem no man's land are also included only as a means of depicting the entire area occupied by israel in 1967
Slightly smaller than delaware
Conventional long form: none conventional short form: west bank
West bank and gaza strip are israeli-occupied with current status subject to the israeli-palestinian interim agreement - permanent status to be determined through further negotiation; israel continues construction of a "seam line" separation barrier along parts of the green line and within the west bank; israel withdrew from four settlements in the northern west bank in august 2005; since 1948, about 350 peacekeepers from the un truce supervision organization (untso), headquartered in jerusalem, monitor ceasefires, supervise armistice agreements, prevent isolated incidents from escalating, and assist other un personnel in the region