Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupation Profiles


The Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance occupation profiles compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (released in May 2016 and modified in March 2017) include specific information about 10 distinct occupational job types.

Build your career in landscaping, facilities maintenance, janitorial services, or cleaning. Explore the qualifications and nature of each job type through links on this page and throughout the site. Discover job opportunities in building and grounds management.

If you are interested in assessing long-term trends and comparing the Bureau’s annual surveys beginning in 1988 see here.

Fast Facts: The Bureau of Labor Statistics (“BLS”) estimates that 4,426,090 are employed in this occupational group earning the “mean annual wage” (as defined below) of $28,010. 

In general, the “mean” is the sum of the total values (e.g., wages) in the data set or survey divided by number of values (while the “median” is the middle value in same the sequence. The term “mean annual wage” (or “MAW”) is calculated by multiplying the mean hourly wage as determined by the BLS by a “year-round, full-time” hours figure of 2,080 hours. So, for example, the Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance group’s mean hourly wage of $13.47, multiplied by 2,080, results in the mean annual wage of $28,010.

Distinct Occupational Types (by size):
Largest Employment CategoryJanitors and Cleaners--2,161,740
Smallest Employment Category—Grounds Maintenance Workers—15,170 

Highest Paid (in mean annual wage)

Lowest Paid (from lowest)


What’s Hot: It’s a jungle out there as landscaping dominates the focus of the top paying positions in the Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance group with First-Line Supervisors of Landscaping, Lawn Service and Grounds-keeping Workers” (MAW at $48,790) topping the list and Tree Trimmers and Pruners ($37,310) and Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers and Applicators, Vegetation ($35,720) coming in at third and fourth, respectively. The runner-up on the Best Paid list: First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers ($41,240).

What’s Not: The cleaning services certainly do not ‘clean up’ financially as Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners ($23,830), Janitors & Cleaners (excluding Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners) (a large group with 2,161,740 employees at $27,030) and Landscaping and Grounds-keeping Workers at $28,560 heading up the Least Paid group.

Wage Estimates for the entire group can be found here.

Sources: In addition to specific citations noted, supplementary source materials include the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics.